Commonwealth Countries Forum
The 54 countries comprised of a political association known as Commonwealth countries, founded by the United Kingdom, have free access to satellite technology, which helps them protect those coral reefs at the risk of extinction. Mostly, environmental changes such as storms, pollution in water and overfishing causes the breakdown of these coral reefs.
Out of these 54 countries, 47 have coastlines; thus, they hold almost 50% of the world’s tropical coral reefs. Nearly half of these countries are constituted of islands. There are more climatic threats. These countries have coral reefs as primary protections from these climatic storms as coral reefs protect fisheries and gain tourist attractions.
Coral Reefs as Source of food
Coral reefs are an essential source of food for a large population residing on coastlines of seas and oceans. These provide a habitat for economically important fishes. Moreover, these coral reefs protect coastlines from storms and erosion of soil. These are the most diverse ecosystem on earth, which are financially profitable for the public as these provide different jobs and income to local residing public. These enhance the tourism of that region. Many of the coral reefs are used as a source of new medicines.
They have the most complex structures made of rough surfaces capable of facing powerful storm waves, absorb these waves and protect the coastline from damage in various ways like property damage or loss of life. Those coastlines having more coral reefs are more stable and safer than those of having a lesser amount of coral reefs.
Role of Commonwealth countries
Baroness Patricia Scotland, the general secretary of the Commonwealth, said, “Every country has its responsibility in order to protect endangered coral reefs, we work like a family in Commonwealth welfare. Surely, it will affect the whole globe. We can make a better chance in the water ecosystem if we try, and I am confident our members are trying at their best.”
Nowadays, and the incoming era, all the coral reefs are objected to the risk of extinction due to the climate crisis. It is estimated that almost half of the coral reefs in the world, are already destroyed in the last three decades due to climatic changes, over-fishing and environmental pollution.
Many people depend upon these coral reefs for their livelihoods. Still, because of the destruction of nearly 50% of these coral reefs, large populations, depending on those coral reefs, are now deprived of their livelihoods. Moreover, 250 Million people gain their livelihoods from these coral reefs directly or indirectly.
Protection of Coral reefs
Now, Different technologies are used to protect and monitor the health of coral reefs. The best one is the use of high-resolution images through satellites, to determine the health of these coral reefs. Moreover, marine scientists and government officials use data analysis through satellites to monitor the health of these coral reefs. Then necessary are taken for the well-being of them. All the contributing countries are provided with software for this purpose, and the coral reef map is hosted online for these countries at Commonwealth Innovation Hub.
New software for satellite technology analyzes data from every country and then prepares a report for the essential steps to be taken for the protection of these coral reefs.
Scotland stated in an interview with the caretaker of this policy, “We have to share relevant data to provoke this project as every country needs to know what step they can take for the protection of this economic project.”
For the maintenance of the global ecosystem, the health of oceans is an essential key factor. While determining all the climatic and ecological crises, the necessary steps should be taken to prevent a hygiene ecosystem.
The Commonwealth has decided to launch a project to visualize its members on how they can improve water ecosystems at different levels. All the Commonwealth members have free access to satellite technology for the betterment and savage of endangered coral reefs from different types of breakdown hazards caused by either over-fishing or water pollution.
Restrictions of Government in the UK
In the UK, the Government abandoned all the exploitation, fishing oil drilling in water bodies, resulting in a highly protective marine ecosystem.
The UK has currently organized a network of 355 Marine and Water protected areas, which are known as “Blue Belt area,” where all the exploitation and other degrading activities are restricted like fishing, oil drilling, etc.
As a former minister of fisheries Richard Benyon reviewed some time ago, these areas will be further expanded where all the dangerous activities will be prohibited except non-damaging operations for leisure, i.e., scuba diving and Kayaking, etc.
The Director at the Wildlife Trusts for the marine conservation, Joan Edwards, also said that we should allow water ecosystems to return to their healthy natural state after all these exploitations.
He said, “It is discovered now that we have indigent seas now at the time, there is a big challenge for us to make a firm bond and work together for the betterment of our water bodies. Sea, itself cannot revive its original condition; rather, we have to use our capabilities.”
These provide essential protection to the marine ecosystem and our global environment. If these marine are protected from disasters, these can help us in various ways as these can prevent our earth from bottom trawling and many other dangerous and damaging conditions. All the protections differ at every location according to different levels.
Philip Evans is a marine pacifist in Greenpeace in the UK, and he said, “Efforts should be made now on real grounds instead of sitting in the offices. By 2030, the UK will face destruction of its 30% of water bodies, if necessary steps are not taken wisely.”
After annexation of the United Kingdom from the European Union, i.e., Brexit, the Government is fighting a battle over fishing rights in the EU. In the 1970s, the UK joined the EU. The fishermen are annoyed as they have faced a lot of losses by prohibiting their Government’s fishing. All these arguments resulted in possession of UK waters to the EU fleets; as their deal, the EU has complete access to the UK’s water bodies.
Campaigners demand that there should be proper enforcement of scientific laws for fishing instead of abandonment of fisheries. Both the EU and the UK should concern about this.
World Reef Awareness Day
1st June is now officially announced as World Reef Awareness Day. General-Secretary Patricia Scotland said, “The threats confronting our ocean are numerous and can be perceived by governments as overwhelming, with 90 percent of coral reefs at risk of disappearing within the next few decades due to climate change.”
Ten groups of all 54 countries collectively made a Blue Charter for the betterment of marine ecosystems. It was established in 2018, joined many other private sector scientific networks. More highlighted one is Vulcan Inc. Vulcan’s Allen Coral Atlas is a public platform that collects all the data from different sources and then converts it into maps, high definition images and then provides coral reef alerts to all the Charter. In this Charter, they share different experiences regarding all ocean challenges they have to meet. In this Charter, they coordinate with each other and highlight necessary actions for the maintenance of marine ecosystems. They share live data analysis for each group to make decisions easy and beneficial. All the management and community actions are uploaded on Commonwealth Innovation Hub, which is easily accessible to every group. In this way, all of them support to maintain good marine ecosystem.
Estimated destruction of coral reefs in the world
The Managing Director of Government and Community Relations at Vulcan said, “We have already lost 50 percent of the world’s coral reefs which support the safety, well-being, and economic security of hundreds of millions of people. The Allen Coral Atlas is helping to provide foundational data that inform critically important conservation efforts. Working with Commonwealth countries, we can change the trajectory of the coral reef crisis.”
The World Ocean day is publicly announced on 8th June. On this day, Vulcan, in the guidance of the Managing Director, presents a joint project every year for the mapping and betterment of these coral reefs. This project is titled “Mapping the Commonwealth one coral reef at a time.” They provide a presentation via cutting-edge mapping technology to maintain their ocean spaces for coral reefs resulting in a hygiene ecosystem. Mainstreams for this project are as following:
- Protection and Restoration of coral reefs.
- Oceans and their climatic changes.
- Mangrove forest ecosystem and Livelihoods for the public.
The Managing Director of Government and Community Relations at Vulcan, Chuck Cooper, said, “We have already lost 50 percent of the world’s coral reefs which support the safety, well-being, and economic security of hundreds of millions of people.”
On another occasion, he said, “The Allen Coral Atlas is helping to provide foundational data which inform critically important conservation efforts. Working with Commonwealth countries, we can change the trajectory of the coral reef crisis.”